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Chlorine

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Chlorine (Cl) is essential for public health and sanitation and is used in:

  • Water purification
  • Disinfectants
  • Sewerage and industrial waste treatment
  • Swimming pool chemicals.

Chlorine is also used as an etching agent for engraving circuit boards and as a chemical reagent in manufacturing and mineral processing, such as in the production of pigment grade titanium dioxide.

Production

Chlorine is produced by applying electricity into salt and water brine solution using the chlor-alkali production process.

 

chloralkali ixom

Source:  Ixom, Botany facility process

For every tonne of chlorine produced, 1.1 tonne of caustic soda and 340 m3 hydrogen is produced.

Chlor-alkali is manufactured in Australia.

The chlor-alkali process can be integrated with other chemical manufacturing process, including those using ethane-based chemistries to create a further range of intermediate products for use by industry.

Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is manufactured from chlorine and ethylene to produce vinyl chloride monomer (VCM). The VCM is then polymerised to make poly-vinyl-chloride.

PVC is used in a wide range of products including water pipes, floor coverings, window frames, cables, toys, pool membrane and furniture.

For more information on PVC, contact the Vinyl Council of Australia.

Become a member of Chemistry Australia

Membership of Chemistry Australia signals your commitment to the industry and ensures your organisation can play an active role in shaping the future for Australia’s chemistry sector.
By working together, we can have a stronger voice to prosecute the key challenges facing our industry and advance chemistry as a critical enabler of a safer, more sustainable future for Australia and the broader community.

Chemistry Australia Chair, David Hawkins

  • Effective and more influential industry advocacy to complement your business’ strategic objectives
  • Opportunities to influence the industry’s position on key policy and regulatory matters
  • Timely industry intelligence, analysis, and services to help inform your business decisions
  • Tailored tools and resources to save your organisation time, effort and money

We offer membership packages tailored to best meet the needs of businesses in, and associated with, the Australian chemistry industry:
Corporate membership for businesses that manufacture chemical products, import, store, handle and/or distribute chemical and plastic products, convert plastics, or are involved in research, technology and education.
Affiliate membership for organisations that represent a sector of the industry in Australia and internationally.
Partner membership for organisations that provide services, equipment and professional development to the industry.
Associate membership for SMEs and organisations in the chemistry industry value chain. 

All membership enquiries are welcome.
Please contact Chemistry Australia on 03 9611 5400 or email .
We look forward to working with you.